La Dame aux Camélias/Camille/The Fate of a Coquette
Alexandre Dumas fils published the novel in 1848 and by 1852 had already adapted it into a stage play. Premiering on February 2, 1852, at the Théâtre du Vaudeville in Paris, the production was a huge hit and remains Dumas fils most popular play with audiences around the world.
The first American adaptation of the play premiered in 1853 with British actress Jean Davenport in the lead role. This version was far more conservative than the original and removed the more scandalous aspects of the story. The leading lady became a coquette who dies from her party lifestyle instead of the consumptive courtesan. Future versions would go on to update the title to Camille, or the Fate of a Coquette, a Play with Music in Five Acts, changing the heroine’s name from Marguerite to Camille.