- The Australian Ballet is established with Peggy van Praagh appointed as founding Artistic Director. The first company of dancers begins rehearsing in an East Melbourne studio (a former Presbyterian Ladies College).
- Margot Fonteyn and Rudolf Nureyev, whose legendary partnership is driving audiences into rapturous frenzies akin to Beatlemania, arrive to guest with The Australian Ballet in Swan Lake and Giselle. It’s the first time they dance a complete ballet with any company other than The Royal Ballet.
- The company gives its 1000th performance – a matinee of Coppélia.